The telecommunications industry is preparing to arrive at the latest generation of wireless technology: 5G, the fifth-generation mobile network. We expect that the date is near, but many believe it will debut during the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. However, it is likely to be earlier: just earlier this year, AT&T announced that it would launch 5G networks in a dozen US cities by the end of 2018. In this article we’ll share what can we expect from 5G technology and on the internet revolution.
Each subsequent “G” or generation of wireless technology includes higher data transmission speeds and different encoding methods than before. A new generation will be ready about every ten years. The first generation of 1G started in 1981 and was based on analog cellular technology, followed by 2G in 1992, based on digital. In 2001, 3G increased the download speed from 200 kilobits per second (Kbps) to several megabits per second (Mbps). 4G was present in 2009 and used various technologies such as WiMax and Long Term Evolution (LTE).
What 5G Have To Us? What To Expect?
In a comparative with 4G, 5G will have higher speed and capacity and lower latency (the delay between starting an operation and getting a response). Since 5G can send and receive signals almost immediately, we expect that 5G will provide mobile Internet speeds exceeding 10 gigabits per second (Gbps), which is approximately one hundred times that of 4G.
The latency of 5G will be less than one millisecond. As an example of its impressive speed, 5G users can download a long high-definition movie in less than five seconds.
In addition to higher download speeds, we except 5G to facilitate the IoT’s implementation and adoption (IoT). This may significantly impact industries such as manufacturing that increasingly rely on the Internet of Things to connect their processes and factories digitally. Finally, new technologies can make wired Internet connections a thing of the past. Of course, fiber will find helpful.
Getting Ready For 5G
Operators, telecommunications manufacturers, and various technology companies actively define the global standards needed to simplify mainstream 5G processes. Some logistical issues of its implementation still need to be in the count. Such as what frequency band should be by 5G and what wireless technology should be in use.
Non-tech companies also want a place on the 5G discussion table. For example, media companies will promote better access to 5G. So that consumers can enjoy higher resolutions through the videos they stream. The company is trying to be the first to take advantage of emerging technologies.
Many countries such as China, South Korea, and the United States have begun trials of the technology. Many other countries are to conduct spectrum sales or auctions in the next months. In the next few years, telecommunications companies are expected to invest heavily in capital expenditures to cover implementation costs. Such as installing new towers in rural areas and installing mobile hotspots in densely populated urban areas. Hoping to enable their technology to reach speeds of 10 Gbps.
hat to Expect From 5G: The Investment
In addition, the company needs to invest in systems that can handle the expected surge in data traffic. 5G will require more spectrum bandwidth because the amount of data is expected to increase sharply, and the cost of the spectrum will also increase. The exact bandwidth of the spectrum is expected to be determined at the time of the 2019 World Radiocommunication Conference. Most industry observers believe that 5G will reside in a very high frequency called “millimeter wave.”